In the spring of 1855, abolitionists the Reverend Samuel and Florella Adair and their children occupied the cabin inside this building. The same year, Florella's half brother, John Brown, and five of his sons settled near Osawatomie, Kansas. The Browns and Adairs became intensively involved in the conflict known as Bleeding Kansas.
The Adair home was a stop on the underground Railroad. Among the fugitive slaves that stayed briefly in the cabin, were the slaves which John Brown liberated during a raid on Stokesbury, Missouri in 1858. Although 11 slaves were freed, a baby was born to "Sam" and "Jane" during the flight to Osawatomie and 12 African Americans were brought to the cabin.
Following his work as a Chaplain at Fort Leavenworth, Reverend Adair returned to Osawatomie and lived in the cabin until his death in 1898. The cabin was moved into town and pavilion erected around it in 1928, creating the John Brown Museum. The park where it now located was the site of the Battle of Osawatomie where free-state and pro-slavery men fought on August 30, 1856.
The John Brown Museum is more interesting than it looks
from the outside, and the curator provides an excellent tour. Plan to allow
30-40 minutes for your visit. When you leave the John Brown Museum pick
up a copy of the Osawatomie Driving
copyright 2006-2011 by Keith Stokes